Chlorophyll is a natural pigment molecule responsible for the green coloration in plants. Its primary function is to absorb sunlight, which is essential for the process of photosynthesis that fuels plant growth. Within the plant’s cells, chlorophyll can be found in specialized structures called chloroplasts, where photosynthesis takes place.
During photosynthesis, the energy absorbed from sunlight is used by the plant to convert carbon dioxide from the air and water into glucose, a form of sugar. The plant utilizes this glucose, along with other nutrients from the soil, to grow new leaves, branches, or stems. As a remarkable byproduct of this process, oxygen is released into the air, contributing to the oxygen levels in the atmosphere.