Clove essential oil is derived from the Syzygium aromaticum L tree, including its leaves, buds, and stems. The main chemical compounds found in clove oil are Eugenol, Eugenyl acetate, and beta-Caryophyllene. Originally native to the Indonesian Maluku Islands, the tree is now cultivated in various regions like India and Sri Lanka. Both traditional Eastern and Western medicines have utilized clove oil for centuries. It has been integrated into medicinal practices for its antimicrobial properties, offering treatments for viruses, bacteria, and infections. Additionally, clove oil has been employed for addressing digestive issues, supporting the respiratory system, oral care, and more.
The process of collecting clove oil involves steam distillation. The dried buds from the tree are heated, and the aromatic vapors are captured as they cool down. Cloves possess a bold peppery aroma, with delightful hints of spicy-sweet and earthy floral notes. This essential oil finds applications in numerous herbal therapies, including dental care, hygiene products, muscle salves, balms, and lotions. Moreover, it is widely used as a flavor-enhancing spice in various food and beverage recipes.