A mother plant in the context of cannabis cultivation refers to a fully matured cannabis plant that serves as the source for cuttings used to grow clones. The mother plant is chosen based on its robustness and health among the group. To ensure successful cloning, it is essential to keep the mother plant in the vegetative growth stage. This is because using cuttings from a flowering plant may result in clones that become hermaphroditic.
Maintaining a mother plant is crucial for preserving genetic consistency, as the clones derived from it will typically exhibit similar growth rates, bud quantities, terpene profiles, and cannabinoid compositions as the mother plant.