A clone is produced by taking a branch cutting from a fully grown cannabis plant. This cutting is then planted to grow into another mature plant, preserving the exact genetic makeup of the original “mother” plant it was derived from. To create a successful clone, the cutting should be approximately 6 inches long, but it cannot be directly planted in soil. Instead, it should be placed in a cloner or root cubes to allow the cutting to develop roots. Rooting hormones are often used to stimulate root growth during this process. Once the roots have fully developed, the clone can be transferred to pots or directly into the ground.
One advantage of cloning is that since clones are identical genetic copies of their mother plant, they will always be female. Furthermore, this method ensures that each subsequent generation will exhibit the same characteristics, including terpenes, cannabinoids, and effects as the original plant.